Men’s Health: Testosterone and Steroids

It is the main sex hormone in men that helps regulate other bodily functions and rouses sexual desire. It also performs an important role during the puberty of a young male when he reaches sexual maturity and able to produce.

The following are the changes that will likely to occur during male puberty:

    • Penis and testicles develop
    • Facial, pubic, and body hair flourish
    • Voice gets deeper
    • Muscles and bones will eventually be stronger
    • Height growth takes place

Afterwards, testosterone helps regulate the following:

    • Reproduction of red blood cells
    • Density of bones
    • Distribution of fats
    • Muscle strength and mass
    • Facial and body hair
    • Production of sperm and sex drive

The pituitary organ discharges hormones into the blood that flag the testicles to create both sperm and testosterone. That hormone courses back to the brain, where it livens up libido. “Testosterone emphatically fortifies the sentiment of desire,” says Aaron Spitz, MD, assistant clinical professor in the division of urology at the University of California in Irvine and writer of The Penis Book. “It makes things look, smell, taste, feel, and sound hotter.” It additionally keeps the tissues of the penis adaptable and solid, taking into consideration a superior erection. At the point when testosterone levels are low, it has a dulling impact on libido.

Testosterone levels bit by bit drop in men as a characteristic piece of maturing. Levels may start to decline when men are in their thirties, and afterward a decrease of about one percent a year begins at age 45, as per research published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

What Affects Testosterone Levels?

Way of life factors additionally affect testosterone generation, including practicing excessively or not eating a healthy diet. Obesity is emphatically connected to bring down testosterone levels. Your specialist can arrange a blood test to see whether your testosterone levels are in the ordinary range.

At times, low testosterone (otherwise called low T) can likewise be caused by a therapeutic condition known as hypogonadism, in which the body can’t produce normal amount of the hormone. It happens when there is an issue with the testicles or with the pituitary organ that makes an inability to create normal amount of testosterone. In young men, hypogonadism is related with a postponed start to puberty. In grown-up men, it can prompt infertility issues and lost enthusiasm for sexual activity.

The utilization of medications and liquor can affect testosterone capacity and creation, says Dr. Spitz. Major sickness can also cause testosterone levels to drop. Kidney failure and dialysis may result in low testosterone, as does liver cirrhosis and HIV.

Symptoms of Low Testosterone in Men

Indications for low T shift depends on the reason of the problem and the age when it starts to occur. In more youthful guys, signs may include:

    • Underdeveloped genital
    • Puberty is delayed
    • Secondary sexual characteristics are not evident

For men who are middle-aged or older, symptoms are as follows:

    • Low energy
    • Depressed
    • Sleep disturbance
    • Sex drive is low
    • Inability to get or maintain erection
    • Sperm count is low
    • Enlarged or tender breast
    • Loss of muscle and bone strength
    • Problems in fertility


Not all men with age-related low testosterone have indications or are disturbed by them, and the seriousness of the complications can change generally. Symptoms like fatigue, sleep problems, and depression can also be caused by different variables, for example, side effects from medicine, psychological wellness issues, and exorbitant liquor use.


As per an study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 1 out of 4 men between ages 30 and 79 had total testosterone levels under 300 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dl), which is commonly viewed as the low end of the normal range. Furthermore, there were no contrasts between men of various races or ethnic gatherings. In any case, not all were feeling the impacts of low T. Of the men tried, 12 percent detailed having low libido and 16 percent had erectile dysfunction.


However, the pervasiveness of symptomatic androgen inadequacy — which means low levels of T that cause discernable medical issues — are on the rise, as indicated by the study authors. Findings project that by the year 2025, as many as 6.5 million American men ages 30 to 79 will have symptomatic androgen inadequacy, which is a 38 percent bounce from 2000 populace gauges.

How Do You Know If You Have Low Testosterone Levels?

Testosterone insufficiency in men has a major effect outside of the room, as well. Low T is related with a few genuine medical issues:

    • Musculoskeletal problems, including osteopenia and sacropenia also known as loss of muscle mass
    • Obesity
    • Unhealthy cholesterol levels
    • Type 2 Diabetes
    • Cardiovascular disease


There are blood tests accessible to check testosterone levels, yet the outcomes aren’t constantly clear. “Blood tests for testosterone are tricky in light of the fact that it very well may be estimated in various routes by various labs, and they don’t generally coordinate with one another,” says Spitz.


On the off chance that your blood test uncovers low testosterone (generally characterized as a dimension lower than 300 ng/dL), the specialist may treat you or refer you to a professional, for example, a urologist or endocrinologist.

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